Main Article Content


Blockchain has gained a lot of traction as a research area and has found application in a number of industries. The core aspects of blockchain i.e. security, privacy, confidentiality and decentralization make it an apt technology to use in the field of healthcare. Blockchain technology enables a decentralized and distributed environment with no need for a central authority. Transactions in a blockchain can be made secure and trustworthy by using cryptographic principles. In this systematic review, an analysis of state-of-the-art blockchain research in the field of healthcare is conducted. This paper provides a brief introduction to Blockchain. It discusses some of its applications and benefits in healthcare industry The aim is to identify the potential applications of the blockchain technology and to highlight the challenges and possible directions of blockchain research in healthcare. The survey covers an overview of blockchain in healthcare, Electronics Health Records Management, Supply Chain management and application of blockchain in Healthcare and IoT

Article Details

Author Biography

Niharika Kumar, Dr, BNMIT Bangalore India

Dr. Niharika Kumar working as Professor in BNMIT Bangalore India.

How to Cite
N. Kumar, “Application of Blockchain in Healthcare - A Systematic Review”, Ausjournal, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 56-60, Aug. 2021.


[1] M. Hölbl, M. Kompara, A. Kamisalic, and L. N. Zlatolas, "A systematic review of the use of blockchain in healthcare" in Symmetry,
vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 1 - 22, September 2018.
[2] M. N. O. Sadiku, K. G. Eze and S. M. Musa,"Block chain Technology in Healthcare" in International Journal of Advances in Scientific
Research and Engineering,Vol. 4, Iss. 5, pp. 154-159, May 2018.
[3] X. Liang, J. Zhao, S. Shetty, J. Liu and Danyi Li, "Integrating Blockchain for Data Sharing and Collaboration in Mobile Healthcare
Applications” in IEEE 28th Annual International Symposium on
Personal, Indoor, and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC), pp. 1–5, October 2017.
[4] T. T. Kuo, H. E. Kim, and L. O. Machado, "Blockchain distributed ledger technologies for biomedical and health care applications" in
Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, vol. 24, iss. 6, pp. 1211–1220, September 2017.
[5] G. G. Dagher, J. Mohler, M. Milojkovic, P. B. Marella, "Ancile: Privacy-preserving framework for access control and interoperability
of electronic health records using blockchain technology" in Sustainable Cities and Society, pp. 283 – 297, February,2018
[6] J. Liu et al, "A Blockchain based privacy-preserving data sharing for for electronic medical records", IEEE Global Communications
Conference (GLOBECOM), pp. 1-6, Novemner 2018.
[7] A. R. Rajput, Q. LI, M. T. Ahvanooey and I. Masood,"EACMS: Emergency Access Control Management System for Personal Health
Record Based on Blockchain", in IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 84304-84317, May 2019.
[8] H. Yang, B. Yang, "A Blockchain-based Approach to the Secure Sharing of Healthcare Data", In Norwegian Information Security
Conference, pp. 1-12, November 2017.
[9] J. Y. Huumo, D. Ko, S. Choi, S. Park and K. Smolander,"Where Is Current Research on Blockchain Technology? — A Systematic
Review”, PLoS ONE, vol. 11, no. 10, pp 1 - 28, October,2016.
[10] P. Sylim, F. Liu, A. Marcelo, P. Fontelo,"Blockchain Technology for Detecting Falsified and Substandard Drugs in Distribution:
Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Intervention" in JMIR Res Protocols, Vol. 7, Iss. 9, pp. 1-27, 2018.
[11] K. A. Clauson, E. A. Breeden, C. Davidson, T. K. Mackey, "Leveraging Blockchain Technology to Enhance Supply Chain
Management in Healthcare: An Exploration of Challenges and Opportunities in the Health Supply Chain", in Blockchain in
Healthcare Today, pp. 1 – 12, March 2018.
[12] R. C. Varaa, J. Prietoa, F. D. L. Prietaa, J. M. Corchado, "How blockchain improves the supply chain: case study alimentary supply
chain", in Procedia Comput. Sci., vol. 134, pp. 393 – 398, August 2018.
[13] W. J. Gordon C. Catalini, "Blockchain Technology for Healthcare: Facilitating the Transition to Patient-Driven Interoperability", in
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal, vol. 16, pp. 224–230, 2018.
[14] J. B. Bernabe, J. L. Canovas, J. L. H. Ramos, R. T. Moreno, A. Skarmeta, "Privacy-Preserving Solutions for Blockchain: Review and
Challenges", in IEEE Access, Volume 7, pp. 164908 -164940, October 2019.
[15] C. Esposito, A. De Santis, G. Tortora, H. Chang, and K. K. R. Choo, ‘‘Blockchain: A panacea for healthcare cloud-based data security and
privacy?’’ in IEEE Cloud Computing, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 31–37, January 2018.
[16] P. Zhang, J. White, D. C. Schmidt, G. Lenz, and S. T. Rosenbloom, ‘‘FHIRChain: Applying blockchain to securely and scalably share
clinical data,’’ in Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal, vol. 16, pp. 267–278, July 2018.
[17] A. Shahnaz, U. Qamari, and A. Khalid, "Using Blockchain for Electronic Health Records", in IEEE Access, Vol. 7, pp.147782-
147795, Semtember 2019.
[18] A. Theodouli, S. Arakliotis, K. Moschou, K. Votis and D. Tzovaras, "On the design of a Blockchain-based system to facilitate Healthcare
Data Sharing" in IEEE International Conference On Trust, Security And Privacy In Computing And Communications, pp. 1374-1379,
[19] A. D. Dwivedi, G. Srivastava, S. Dhar and R. Singh, "A Decentralized Privacy-Preserving Healthcare Blockchain for IoT", in Sensors,
Vol.19, pp. 1-6, January 2019.
[20] M. A Cyran, "Blockchain as a Foundation for Sharing Healthcare Data", in Blockchain in Healthcare Today, pp 1- 6, 2018
[21] C. Pirtle and J. Ehrenfeld, "Blockchain for Healthcare: The Next Generation of Medical Records" in Journal of Medical Systems Vol.
42, Iss. 172, pp. 1-3, July 2018.
[22] S. Jiang et al., "BlocHIE: a BLOCkchain-based platform for Healthcare Information Exchange", in IEEE International Conference on Smart
Computing pp. 49-56, April 2018.
[23] K. N. Griggs et. al, "Healthcare Blockchain System Using Smart Contracts for Secure Automated Remote Patient Monitoring", in
Journal of Medical Systems, vol. 42, Iss. 130, PP. 1-7, May 2018.
[24] S. Wang et. al, "Blockchain-Powered Parallel Healthcare Systems Based on the ACP Approach” in IEEE Transactions on Computational
Social Systems, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 942-950, Dec. 2018
[25] A. A. Siyal et al. "Applications of Blockchain Technology in Medicine and Healthcare: Challenges and Future Perspectives" in Cryptography,
Vol. 3, Iss. 3, pp. 1 - 16, Januray 2019
[26] T. Kumar et al. "Blockchain Utilization in Healthcare: Key Requirements and Challenges" in IEEE 20th International Conference
on e-Health Networking